June 28, 2024

Kodi bioreactor ndi chiyani? Zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa

Ngati munayamba mwadzifunsapo momwe mankhwala ena, zakudya kapena mafuta opangira mafuta amapangidwira, yankho liri mu chipangizo chotchedwa bioreactor. M’nkhaniyi tifotokoza m’mawu osavuta Zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa za bioreactors. Kotero kuti pamene wina akufunsani "Kodi bioreactor ndi chiyani?", mukhoza kuyankha mosavuta.

Kodi bioreactor ndi chiyani?

Bioreactor ndi chipangizo kapena chotengera momwe ma cell kapena tizilombo tating'onoting'ono timakula molamulidwa kupanga zinthu zenizeni. Zinthuzi zimatha kukhala kuchokera kumankhwala, monga maantibayotiki ndi katemera, zakudya monga yoghuti kapena mowa, ngakhalenso mafuta monga ethanol.

Zipangizozi ndizofunikira kwambiri paukadaulo wamakono wa biotech. Amapereka malo olamuliridwa momwe maselo kapena tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tingakule ndi kupanga zinthu zomwe zimafunidwa bwino. Kutha kuwongolera zosintha monga kutentha, pH, kuchuluka kwa michere ndi kuchuluka kwa okosijeni kumapangitsa kuti kupanga ndi mtundu wa zinthu zamoyo zitheke.

Mbiri ndi chisinthiko

Mbiri ya bioreactors idayamba kalekale ndi nayonso mphamvu, ankapanga mkate, mowa ndi vinyo. Zida zoyamba zinali zotengera zadothi zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthu otukuka monga Agiriki ndi Aroma kuti afufuze chakudya pansi pamikhalidwe ya anaerobic.

M'zaka za m'ma 20, ma bioreactors amakono adayamba kupangidwa ndi mafakitale opanga penicillin pankhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse. Izi zidawonetsa kupambana kwakukulu, kulola kupanga kwakukulu kwa mankhwala ndi zinthu zina zasayansi yazachilengedwe.

mitundu

Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya ma bioreactors opangidwira ntchito zosiyanasiyana komanso zikhalidwe zama cell.

  1. Kukondoweza Tank: Izi ndizofala kwambiri ndipo zimakhala ndi a tank ndi dongosolo la mukubwadamuka lomwe limasakaniza zomwe zili mkati kuti zitsimikizire kugawa kofanana kwa zakudya ndi mpweya.
  2. Photobioreactors (PBR): Phatikizani gwero lowala, kaya lachilengedwe kapena lochita kupanga, kuti mukule zamoyo zowoneka ngati cyanobacteria, algae kapena zomera za moss. Zamoyo zimenezi zimagwiritsa ntchito kuwala kudzera mu photosynthesis monga magwero a mphamvu.
  3. Kusamalira madzi ogwiritsidwa ntchito: Gwiritsani ntchito zowulutsa za inert zokhala ndi malo okwera kuti biofilm ikule kapena makina otulutsa mpweya kuti apange matope oyendetsedwa, kuchepetsa Kufunika kwa okosijeni wa biochemical (BOD) wa madzi oipitsidwa.
  4. Minofu yapadera: Zapangidwa kuti zikule ma cell ndi minyewa yomwe imafunikira thandizo lapangidwe. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanganso zida zamagulu mu labotale, kuphatikiza mtima, minofu, ligament ndi mitundu ya khansa.

Zigawo zazikulu za bioreactor

Kuti mumvetsetse momwe bioreactor imagwirira ntchito, ndikofunikira kudziwa zigawo zake zazikulu:

  1. chotengera: Chidebe chomwe ma cell kapena tizilombo tating'onoting'ono timakulira. Zitha kupangidwa ndi chitsulo chosapanga dzimbiri, galasi la borosilicate komanso kugwiritsa ntchito kamodzi.
  2. Kuyambitsa dongosolo: Njira yosakanikirana ndi zomwe zili mu bioreactor, kuwonetsetsa kugawa kwabwino kwa michere ndi mpweya.
  3. Njira zoyendetsera: Zida zowunikira ndikusintha magawo monga kutentha, pH, mpweya wosungunuka ndi ndende ya michere.
  4. Kudyetsa ndi kuchotsa machitidwe: Zipangizo zowonjezera zakudya ndikuchotsa zinyalala, kusunga malo abwino kwambiri kuti ma cell akule.

Kodi bioreactor imagwira ntchito bwanji?

Kuti mumvetsetse momwe zimagwirira ntchito, lingalirani zazikulu tank kumene tizilombo toyambitsa matenda monga mabakiteriya, yisiti, zomera ndi zinyama zimayikidwa. Tizilombo tating'onoting'ono timeneti timafunika zinthu zina kuti tikule ndi kupanga zomwe timafunikira. Apa ndipamene bioreactor imabwera, monga ikupereka:

  1. Mavitamini: Chakudya chofunika kwambiri cha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, monga shuga, ma amino acid ndi mavitamini.
  2. Oxygen: Ndikofunikira kuti tizilombo tina tipume. Mu aerobic bioreactors, mpweya umaperekedwa ndi kuphulika kapena kugwedeza.
  3. Kutentha: Malo otentha, okhazikika, olamulidwa ndi makina otenthetsera kapena ozizira.
  4. pH: Mulingo woyenera wa acidity kapena alkalinity, wosinthidwa ndi kuwonjezera kwa ma acid kapena maziko.
  5. Kusokonezeka: Kusuntha kuti zonse zikhale zosakanikirana bwino ndikuwonetsetsa kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timapeza zakudya ndi mpweya.

Zinthu zonsezi zimayang'aniridwa ndikusinthidwa kuti zitsimikizire kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tili m'mikhalidwe yabwino kwambiri yakukula ndi kupanga.

Kugwiritsa ntchito ma bioreactors

Ma bioreactors ali ndi ntchito zambiri m'mafakitale osiyanasiyana, pakati pawo:

  1. Makampani azachipatala: kupanga maantibayotiki, katemera ndi mankhwala ena achilengedwe. Mwachitsanzo, kupanga insulini pogwiritsa ntchito zikhalidwe zama cell recombinant.
  2. Chakudya ndi chakumwa: Kuwiritsa kwa zinthu monga mowa, vinyo, yoghuti ndi tchizi. Ma bioreactors amalola kupanga koyendetsedwa bwino komanso koyenera kwa zinthu izi.
  3. Biotechnology yamakampani: Kupanga ma enzyme ndi mapuloteni ogwiritsidwa ntchito mosiyanasiyana, monga zotsukira, nsalu ndi zakudya.
  4. Energy: Kupanga mafuta achilengedwe monga ethanol ndi biodiesel kuchokera ku biomass. Ma bioreactors amalola kutembenuka kwa zinthu zachilengedwe kukhala mafuta ongowonjezwdwa.
  5. Kusamalira madzi ogwiritsidwa ntchito: Kugwiritsa ntchito tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kuthyola ndikuchotsa zowononga m'madzi oipa.

Zatsopano ndi tsogolo la bioreactors

Kafukufuku ndi chitukuko m'munda wa bioreactors akupitiriza kupita patsogolo, ndi zatsopano monga ma bioreactor omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kamodzi ⇀ kuchepetsa chiopsezo cha kuipitsidwa ndi ndalama zoyeretsera. Komanso, chitukuko cha automa mated bioreactors ndi njira zowunikira nthawi yeniyeni zikuwongolera bwino komanso kuwongolera njira zasayansi yazachilengedwe.

M'tsogolomu, ma bioreactors akuyembekezeka kuchita nawo gawo lofunikira pakuchita bwino Kupanga kosatha kwa chakudya, mphamvu ndi mankhwala, zomwe zikuthandizira kuthetsa mavuto padziko lonse lapansi monga kusintha kwa nyengo ndi chitetezo cha chakudya.

Kutsiliza

Mwachidule, bioreactor ili ngati fakitale yaying'ono ya tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Chifukwa cha iwo, tikhoza kupanga zinthu zambiri zomwe zimapindulitsa thanzi lathu, chakudya ndi mphamvu zathu. Kutha kuwongolera ndi kukhathamiritsa chikhalidwe kumapangitsa ma bioreactor kukhala chida chofunikira muukadaulo wamakono wa biotechnology. Ngati muli ndi chidwi ndi dziko la biotech, bioreactors ndi chida chofunikira kwambiri chomwe muyenera kudziwa.

Zokhudzana Zokhudzana

amagwira

amagwira

Zikubwera posachedwa 

Tikumaliza tsatanetsatane wa zida zathu zatsopano. Posachedwapa, tidzalengeza zosintha zonse. Ngati mukufuna kulandira nkhani zaposachedwa kwambiri pazamalonda athu, lembetsani ku nyuzipepala yathu kapena tsatirani njira zathu zapa media. 

Fomu Yamakalata

Lowani

Khalani infodziwani zaukadaulo wazogulitsa, machitidwe abwino, zochitika zosangalatsa ndi zina zambiri! Pambuyo polembetsa kalata yathu yamakalata, mutha kusiya kulembetsa nthawi iliyonse.

Fomu Yamakalata

Rushton mphepo

The Rushton impeller, yomwe imadziwikanso kuti flat disk impeller. Zinatuluka ngati njira yothetsera vutoli zovuta zosakanikirana ndi okosijeni mumakampani a biotechnology. Kapangidwe kake katsopano kadadziwika mwachangu chifukwa cha kuthekera kwake kotulutsa chipwirikiti, ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale muyezo mu gawoli kwazaka zambiri.

Zokonzedwa Kwambiri
Mapulogalamu mu Biotechnology
Ubwino Wochita Mwachangu
Kukhalitsa ndi Kudalirika
Kukhathamiritsa kwa TECNIC

Pitch blade mphepo

Chigawochi ndi chofunikira kwambiri pakuwongolera kusakanikirana ndi kusamutsa anthu ambiri muzochita zama cell. Mapangidwe ake enieni amathandizira kugawa kofanana kwa zakudya ndi mpweya, zomwe ndizofunikira kuti ma cell azikhala ndi mphamvu komanso kukula pansi pamikhalidwe yabwino.

Zokonzedwa Kwambiri
Mapulogalamu mu Biotechnology
Ubwino Wochita Mwachangu
Kukhalitsa ndi Kudalirika

Rushton mphepo

Amadziwika ndi masamba ake ozungulira omwe amayikidwa molunjika ku shaft, the Rushton impeller imapangidwa kuti ipereke mitengo yometa ubweya wambiri komanso kubalalika kwabwino kwambiri kwa gasi, komwe kumakhala kothandiza kwambiri pazachilengedwe. Mu biotechnological ntchito zophatikiza mabakiteriya ndi yisiti, the Rushton impeller imapambana powonetsetsa kusakanikirana kofanana ndi kugawa bwino gasi, ngakhale m'zikhalidwe zokhala ndi kachulukidwe kwambiri.

Zokonzedwa Kwambiri
Mapulogalamu mu Biotechnology
Ubwino Wochita Mwachangu
Kukhalitsa ndi Kudalirika

Cassette

Timamvetsetsa kufunikira kwa kusinthasintha komanso kuchita bwino munjira za labotale. Ndichifukwa chake zida zathu zidapangidwa kuti zizigwirizana nazo Cassette Mafayilo, yankho lapamwamba la ntchito zosiyanasiyana zosefera. Ngakhale sitipanga zosefera mwachindunji, makina athu amakometsedwa kuti agwiritse ntchito phindu lonse Cassette Zosefera zimapereka.

Cassette Zosefera zimadziwika chifukwa cha kusefera kwakukulu komanso kuchita bwino pakupatukana, kuwapanga kukhala abwino ultrafiltration, microfiltration, ndi nanofiltration ntchito. Mwa kuphatikiza zoseferazi mu zida zathu, timathandizira njira zofulumira komanso zogwira mtima, ndikuwonetsetsa kuti pakhale zotsatira zabwino kwambiri.

zida zathu, kukhala n'zogwirizana ndi Cassette zosefera, zimapereka kusinthasintha kwakukulu komanso kusinthasintha. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mutha kusankha fyuluta yomwe ikugwirizana ndi zosowa zanu zenizeni, kuwonetsetsa kuti kuyesa kulikonse kapena kupanga kumachitika mwachangu komanso molondola.

Kuphatikiza apo, zida zathu ndizodziwika bwino 100% automation luso. Pogwiritsa ntchito mavavu apamwamba kwambiri, timatsimikizira kuwongolera kolondola kusiyana kwa kuthamanga, kuthamanga kwa transmembrane, ndi kuthamanga kwa magazi. izi automation sikuti imangowonjezera luso komanso kulondola kwa kusefera komanso kumachepetsa kwambiri kulowererapo pamanja, kupanga makina athu odalirika komanso osavuta kugwiritsa ntchito.

Hollow Fiber

Timazindikira udindo wofunikira kwambiri wosinthika komanso wogwira ntchito bwino m'ma laboratories. Ichi ndichifukwa chake zida zathu zidapangidwa mwaluso kuti zizigwirizana nazo Hollow Fiber Mafayilo, kupereka yankho lapamwamba la ntchito zambiri zosefera. Ngakhale kuti sitimapanga zosefera izi mwachindunji, makina athu amawunikidwa bwino kuti agwiritse ntchito zonse zomwe angathe Hollow Fiber mafayilo.

Hollow Fiber Zosefera ndizodziwikiratu chifukwa chochita bwino kwambiri pakusefera bwino komanso kuchuluka kwake. Ndiwothandiza makamaka pamapulogalamu omwe amafunikira kuwongolera mofatsa kwa zitsanzo, monga mu chikhalidwe cha ma cell ndi njira zodziwika bwino za biomolecular. Pophatikiza zosefera izi ndi zida zathu, timathandiza njira zosefera bwino, zachangu, komanso zapamwamba kwambiri.

Chomwe chimasiyanitsa zida zathu ndi zake 100% automation luso. Pogwiritsa ntchito ma valve ofananira bwino, makina athu amawongolera mosamala kusiyana kwa kuthamanga, kuthamanga kwa transmembrane, ndi kuthamanga kwa magazi. Level iyi ya automation sikuti imangowonjezera luso komanso kulondola kwa kusefera komanso kumachepetsa kufunika koyang'anira pamanja, kupangitsa makina athu kukhala odalirika komanso osavuta kugwiritsa ntchito.

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